Black Immigrants In The United States

A new report, The State of Black Immigrants, sheds light on the unique challenges facing the nearly 3.5 million immigrants in the U.S. from Africa, the Caribbean, Afro-Latino countries, and elsewhere, due in large part to their race.

african-immigrants

The report, a joint project, was authored by the Black Alliance for Just Immigration in conjunction with New York University Law School’s Immigrant Rights Clinic.

Key findings include:

  • The number of undocumented Black immigrants in the U.S. increased by nearly 50% from 389,000 in 2000 to 602,000 in 2013
      • Nearly 1 in 5 Black immigrants live below the poverty line
          • Black immigrants have the highest unemployment rates among all immigrant groups
          • More than one out of every five non-citizens facing deportation on criminal grounds before the Executive Office of Immigration Review is Black
          • Black immigrants are more likely to be detained for criminal convictions than the immigrant population overall

New Category For Individuals From The Middle East And North Africa Proposed For 2020 Census

new-middle-eastern-census-category

The Obama Administration has recommended adding a new racial category to the 2020 Census for individuals from the Middle East and North Africa.

Broadening the categories of racial and ethnic identity for purposes of ensuring an accurate snapshot of America is long overdue but likely to stir public controversy.

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The Book of Isaias: A Child Of Hispanic Immigrants Seeks His Own America

book-of-isaias

Journalist Daniel Connolly has just written a new book, The Book of Isaias: A Child of Hispanic Immigrants Seeks His Own America.”

The book is the culmination of five years of research and interviews with children of immigrants in the United States.

Connolly follows Isaias Ramos, an 18-year-old high school student, and his friends as they weigh options for their future. Connolly discovers that for the Hispanic teens, the options quickly fizzle out.

Finding a place in American society for a child of Hispanic immigrants isn’t as easy as people think.

In an interview by Seth Ferranti, VICE recently spoke to Connolly about his experiences writing the book, what he sees as the major immigration challenges of today, and how they affect the children of Hispanic immigrants. You can find the article here >>> How America Lets Down The Children Of Immigrants.

Brazilian Immigrants In The United States

Brazilian migration to the United States is the subject of a new study by the Migration Policy Institute.

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According to MPI, the amount of Brazilian immigrants arriving in the U.S. were relatively small until the early 1980s, caused by a series of economic crises in Brazil.

By the end of the 1980s, the Brazilian immigrant population had doubled. It nearly tripled in the 1990s. It tapered off during the recession years of 2007 – 2009.

As of 2014, 336,000 Brazilian immigrants lived in the United States, representing 1 percent of the 42.4 million immigrants in the country.

Vietnamese Immigrants In The United States

The Migration Policy Institute has released a new report on the Vietnamese immigrant population in the United States.

vietnamese-immigrant-population-in-the-united-states

As the MPI study shows, large-scale Vietnamese migration to the United States started as an influx of refugees following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.

Early refugees were part of the United States-sponsored evacuation, which consisted mainly of military personnel and urban, well-educated professionals associated with the U.S. military or the South Vietnamese government. A second wave of Vietnamese refugees, commonly known as “boat people,” arrived in the late 1970s. The majority of these arrivals came from rural areas and were often less educated.

At present, Vietnamese is the sixth largest immigrant group in the country.

The Long View: Descendants of North Dakota’s Early Muslim Settlers Put Immigration, Refugee Debates Into Perspective

InForum
January 3, 2016

This article, written by Archie Ingersoll, shares the interesting, though little-known history of North Dakota’s early Lebanese and Syrian settlers.

Like other homesteaders in the early 1900s, Ingersoll explains, Lebanese settlers were drawn to North Dakota by the prospect of free land, which they learned about through word-of-mouth and through reports in Arabic-language newspapers.

America’s first convention of Syrian Clubs in Williston around 1918. Photo courtesy “Prairie Peddlers: The Syrian-Lebanese in North Dakota”

America’s first convention of Syrian Clubs in Williston around 1918. Photo courtesy “Prairie Peddlers: The Syrian-Lebanese in North Dakota”

Over time, about 2,000 settled throughout the state. Most of them were Christian, but about 400 were Muslim.

At the time, Lebanon was not an independent country. It was part of Syria, which was controlled by the Turkish Empire. Consequently, U.S. immigration records listed the settlers as Syrian.

Visa Rules, Distant Pride And Fast Food: The Real Life Of NYC’s Immigrants

The U.S. debate about border and citizenship policy revolves around a picture of immigration painted in broad strokes: images of Syrian refugees massing at Europe’s borders or a stream of people flowing across the desert from Mexico to Texas, language about surges, threats, heroes and dreams.

Like any sweeping generalizations, those characterizations gloss over the details and nuances the define each immigrant’s individual story. More importantly, they pay little attention to what happens once an immigrant makes it into our country.

The Jollibee mascot in front of the company’s only New York City location in Woodside, Queens. Photo by Devin Holt. Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2015, Queens, NY.

The Jollibee mascot in front of the company’s only New York City location in Woodside, Queens. Photo by Devin Holt. Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2015, Queens, NY.

As the collection of stories in this article, reported by students at the CUNY Graduate School of Journalism, make clear, immigrant life in New York is neither the deviant existence imagined by xenophobes nor the sepia-toned immigration myth harbored by some of those who welcome the newcomers.

It’s a fast-food restaurant that provides a link to the familiar, the thrill of political progress at home mixed with the realization that there’s no going back, the double marginalization of being undocumented and transgender. It’s overstaying a visa, or trying to survive according to the onerous rules that some visas impose. It’s trying to navigate a global economic crisis or make a living in a dying industry.

Immigrant life in New York – like immigrant life in America – is a lot of things. One thing it isn’t is simple.

Read the full article here >>> Visa Rules, Distant Pride And Fast Food: The Real Life Of NYC’s Immigrants

Immigrants And Gender Roles: Assimilation Vs. Culture

How much does an immigrant’s source country affect their adjustment to American life? What role does assimilation play in that adjustment? Do differences between immigrants and the native-born population carry over to the second generation in labor supply, education and fertility, or do second generation women fully assimilate to native patterns?

Immigrants And Gender Study

These are questions addressed in a new study, Immigrants and Gender Roles: Assimilation vs. Culture,” authored by Francine D. Blau in the IZA Journal of Migration.

The study was recently explored in a special PBS News Hour report: How Do Gender Roles In An Immigrant’s Home Country Affect The Female Labor Force Here?